New Hampshire
Occupational Therapy Association

Psychospiritual Integration Theory: How Spirituality Can Inform Clinical Reasoning

  • 23 Jan 2018
  • 6:30 PM - 8:30 PM
  • Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences (Manchester Campus)


  • Please bring your student ID to event check-in!

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Topic: Psychospiritual Integration Theory: How Spirituality Can Inform Clinical Reasoning

CEUs: 2

Day/Date: Tuesday, January 30, 2018

Time: 6:30 PM - 8:30 PM

Venue: Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences (Manchester Campus), 22 Fir Street, Manchester, NH

Cost: Members - $10

          Non-Members - $20

          Students - Free (Please bring your student ID)

Presenter: LisaBeth Hammond Rogers, MSOT, OTR/L

Presenter Bio: 

I graduated from Ithaca College in May 2009 with a Bachelors of Science in Occupational Science, and again in December 2011 with a Masters of Occupational Therapy upon completion of my thesis Spirituality in Vocation: A Survey of Service Workers from an Occupational Science Perspective. I had the opportunity to collaborate with Dr. Chris Kang of Queensland, Australia to complete my masters thesis and continue to exchange theoretical work related to Psychospiritual Integration. I have been a practicing Occupational Therapist for over 5 years. I am currently based out of Concord, New Hampshire. My areas of practice are home care and skilled nursing facilities. I have special interests in dementia care, adult mental health in community settings, and integration of adults with developmental disabilities in the community.


1. Define spirituality for application in a clinical setting using Psychospiritual Integration Theory to frame clinical reasoning.

2. Understand the history of spirituality's relationship to occupational science and occupational therapy practice.

3. Describe areas of research supporting spirituality under the scope of occupational therapy practice.


One of the earliest founders of occupational therapy, Meyer (1922), eluded to spirituality by suggesting that therapists address the need for balance and wholesomeness in thinking, feeling, interests, and values white engaging with clients. Despite this, spirituality has been overlooked by medical professionals, including occupational therapists, even though researchers have suggested spirituality is an area of medical concern which should not be ignored (Christiansen, 1997: Wilding, May, & Muir-Cochrane, 2005). Occupational therapists acknowledge spiritual interventions as appropriate for treatment (Wurm, 2004) but do not address spirituality in practice because of the taboo subject of religion (Unrah, Versnel, & Kerr, 2002). Donica (2008) suggested that a thorough understanding of the spiritual elements embedded within a patient's occupations might change therapeutic experiences and outcomes. Psychospiritual integration is a theory that could provide therapists with an opportunity to consider spirituality as being a foundation where therapists determine the appropriate frames of reference, models of practice, and interventions to use with clients (Kang, 2003).

References: Christiansen, C. (1997). Acknowledging a spiritual dimension in occupational therapy practice. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 51(3), 169-172. Donica D. K. (2008). Spirituality and Occupational Therapy-. The application of the psychospiritual frame of reference. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, 27(2), 107-121. Kang, C. (2003). A psychospiritual integration frame of reference for occupational therapy. Part I: Conceptual foundation. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 50, 92-103. Meyer, A. (1922). The philosophy of occupational therapy. Archives of Occupational Therapy, 1, 1-10. Unrah, A. M., Versnel, J., & Kerr, N. (2002). Spirituality unplugged: A review of commonalities and contentions and a resolution. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 69(1), 5-19. Wilding, C., May, E., & Muir-Cochrane, E. (2005). Experience of spirituality, mental illness, and occupation: A life sustaining phenomenon. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 52, 2-9. Wurm, R. (2004). Spirituality and occupational therapy (Unpublished masters thesis). Ithaca College, Ithaca, NY.

New Hampshire Occupational Therapy Association   

Office: 1 Simons Lane, Suite 2, Newmarket, NH 03857
Mail: P.O. Box 842, Durham, NH 03824 
Phone: (603) 868-7475

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